Between 5 and 2 million years ago In the Roero area there was the sea. During the Pliocene the soils were formed by the sedimentation of debris on the seabed and among the vines of the Roero, shells and fossils can be found still today. The Pliocene sea left a great geological wealth on the hills of the Roero, characterizing the soils – calcareous marls that differ according to the geological era. All soils of this type are very suitable for growing grapes.
Vineyards and wine, but also woods, fields, hazelnut groves, meadows: all this makes Roero a land where the value of biodiversity is a unique wealth. The woods are home to precious trees, flowers and rare species of wild orchids. This land is the home of many wild animals: roe deers, foxes, squirrels, badgers, hedgehogs, owls and several species of birds. The Roero woods are also known for the Tuber Magnatum Pico, the white truffle of Alba – at the fragrant and precious subterranean fungus.
The hills where Antica Cascina dei Conti di Roero produces its wines have entered the UNESCO World Heritage Site List in 2014. As for the beauty of the landscape, its wines and its biodiversity, UNESCO has recognized its value of “cultural landscape”, which is the result of the combined action of nature and the skilful work of men and women who have preserved the hills over the centuries – cultivating vines and producing wine – representing an inestimable ‘human heritage’.